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Sunday, February 27, 2011

Epic encounter ends in thrilling tie!The National Advisory Council (NAC) has drawn up detailed operational guidelines, which it has recommended that the Union Tribal Affairs Ministry issue to the States for strengthening the Forest Rights Act (FRA).


Epic encounter ends in thrilling tie!The National Advisory Council (NAC) has drawn up detailed operational guidelines, which it has recommended that the Union Tribal Affairs Ministry issue to the States for strengthening the Forest Rights Act (FRA). These guidelines can be issued under Section 12 of the FRA.Since the Budget has to be Focused on so Called Inclusive Growth, Development, FDI, Infrastructure, Mining, SEZ and so on, zionsit Dynasty Head sonia gandhi uses her NAC to maintain the HUMAN face of Mass Destruction Agenda in the Aborigninal Humanscape!Fifth and Sixth schedule of Constitution have been made IRRELEVNT as well as Constitutional Safeguards. financial reforms and bills have to do STREAMLINING for the Monopolistic Aggression!The Drama has been enacted with surgical Precision as An aggressive National Advisory Council (NAC), emboldened by the recent appointment of a "friendly" Food Minister, took a formal decision on Saturday to finally go ahead with framing a food security Bill based on its own recommendations, though they were disfavoured by the Rangarajan panel, set up by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.


Indian Holocaust My Father`s Life and Time -FIVE  HUNDRED  NINETY SIX

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Epic encounter ends in thrilling tie!



Zaheer Khan's three quick wickets provided one of the many twists in a cliffhanger between India and England in Bangalore
Zaheer Khan's three quick wickets provided one of the many twists in a cliffhanger between India and England in Bangalore© Getty Images


The National Advisory Council (NAC) on Saturday decided to take up a host of issues currently under consideration of the government, including the Lokpal Bill, even as it looked determined to push its version of the Food Security Bill disregarding C Rangarajan Committee's recommendations. It also cleared recommendations to amend the Forest Rights Act, noting that the majority of claims of forest dwellers were rejected due to difficulties in implementation.The National Advisory Council (NAC) has drawn up detailed operational guidelines, which it has recommended that the Union Tribal Affairs Ministry issue to the States for strengthening the Forest Rights Act (FRA). These guidelines can be issued under Section 12 of the FRA.Since the Budget has to be Focused on so Called Inclusive Growth, Development, FDI, Infrastructure, Mining, SEZ and so on, zionsit Dynasty Head sonia gandhi uses her NAC to maintain the HUMAN face of Mass Destruction Agenda in the Aborigninal Humanscape!Fifth and Sixth schedule of Constitution have been made IRRELEVNT as well as Constitutional Safeguards. financial reforms and bills have to do STREAMLINING for the Monopolistic Aggression!The Drama has been enacted with surgical Precision as An aggressive National Advisory Council (NAC), emboldened by the recent appointment of a "friendly" Food Minister, took a formal decision on Saturday to finally go ahead with framing a food security Bill based on its own recommendations, though they were disfavoured by the Rangarajan panel, set up by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

India v England, World Cup 2011, Group B, Bangalore

Epic encounter ends in thrilling tie

The Bulletin by Andrew Miller

February 27, 2011

Comments: 52 | Login via  | Text size: A | A

India 338 (Tendulkar 120, Bresnan 5-48) tied with England 338 for 8 (Strauss 158, Bell 69, Zaheer 3-64)
Scorecard and ball-by-ball details

Andrew Strauss got to a half-century at a run a ball, India v England, World Cup, Group B, Bangalore, February 27, 2011
Andrew Strauss led from the front with a brilliant captain's innings © AFP
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On an evening that simply beggared belief, England tied with India in an incredible finale in Bangalore. Andrew Strauss was England's inspiration, producing an extraordinary 158 from 145 balls, the highest score by an English batsman in World Cup history, as England set off in pursuit of a vast 339 for victory, following a brilliant 120 from India's legend Sachin Tendulkar.

After 99 overs where the game went one way then the other it came down to England needing 14 off the last six balls with Graeme Swann and Ajmal Shahzad at the crease. Swann got three from the first two deliveries, then Shahzad stunned the stadium into silence with a thumping straight drive for six which made England favourites. He then ran a bye before Swann swatted a couple to midwicket leaving two needed off the last ball. Swann middled his drive but found cover to leave the match tied.

Full report to follow

25 overs England 163 for 2 (Strauss 92*, Bell 17*) need another 176 runs to beat India 338 (Tendulkar 120, Bresnan 5-48) 

Andrew Strauss led from the front in another daunting run-chase, compiling a captain's innings of 92 from 90 balls to follow up his agenda-setting 88 against the Netherlands last week, as England pointed themselves in the right direction in pursuit of India's massive target of 339 at Bangalore. Strauss added 68 for the first wicket with Kevin Pietersen, who fell for 31 to a freakish caught-and-bowled from Munaf Patel, and though Jonathan Trott was pinned lbw for 16 by the legspinner Piyush Chawla, England's score at the halfway mark remained a creditable 163 for 2.

However, Ian Bell might well have been dismissed on 17 from the very last ball of the 25th over, when Yuvraj Singh went up for an lbw appeal as Bell attempted and missed a sweep. Though India's subsequent review suggested he was out, with the ball pitching inside the line of off stump, and the Hawkeye replay showing the stumps being broken, umpire Billy Bowden upheld his original verdict, because Bell had come down the wicket by more than 2.5 metres before the moment of impact. It was a controversial ruling, albeit one written into the ICC's playing conditions, and it was one that could yet prove significant.

A positive start was a pre-requisite as England set off in pursuit of what, if successful, would be the fourth-highest in ODI history, and Strauss responded in the perfect fashion when Zaheer Khan, armed with the new ball, strayed onto his pads first-up to gift a flicked four through fine leg. Later in the same over he doubled his tally with a punched square drive, and when Munaf followed a first-ball appeal against Pietersen with a second-ball half-tracker, England were properly up and running.

Strauss had his moments of luck, particularly on 17 when TV replays suggested he had nicked a drive against Zaheer that the Indian fielders were unable to hear against the din of the crowd. Five runs later, he miscued a pull that flew just out of reach of Harbhajan Singh at mid-on, but for the most part he was rewarded for his intent and aggression, and by the end of the batting Powerplay, England were 19 runs to the good, on 77 for 1, compared to India's 10-over total of 58 for 1.

Pietersen was barely less impressive in his short stay, as he pounded four fours in eight Zaheer deliveries including an arrow-straight drive that whistled past the stumps at the non-striker's end. His dismissal when it came was extraordinary, as Munaf was dumped on his backside by a brutally struck drive, only for the ball he had parried from in front of his face to plop into his right hand as he glanced up to regain his bearings.

Trott got off the mark with a crisp drive for three to extra cover, and proved an able ally in a 43-run stand for the second wicket, nudging eight singles to keep the strike rotating, while dragging Harbhajan through midwicket to pick off his solitary boundary. But Chawla, who took a while to locate the perfect length, beat him all ends up with one that hurried on, and he was already walking before umpire Bowden raised his crooked finger.

Bell, England's best player of spin, was beaten twice in two balls as Chawla ripped first his googly then his legspinner to perfection. But faced with an asking rate of roughly six an over, he took over Trott's supporting role while Strauss continued to make the running for England, with Chawla and Yuvraj Singh both dispatched through the leg-side, while Harbhajan was driven inside-out through extra cover in a rare show of flamboyance that might equally have been a case of being beaten in flight. Either way, England remained very much in the game, and the Bangalore crowd was awaiting an excuse to rediscover its voice.

49.5 overs India 338 (Tendulkar 120, Bresnan 5-48) v England

Sachin Tendulkar lifts the ball for a six on his way to a fifty off 66 balls, India v England, World Cup, Group B, Bangalore, February 27, 2011
Sachin Tendulkar launched his innings in ominous style© Getty Images
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Sachin Tendulkar produced the performance that every man in his nation had prayed was in his grasp, as India's batsmen ignited their first home fixture of the 2011 World Cup with a towering display against England at Bangalore. On a sporty wicket that offered assistance to the bowlers but value for every stroke, they pillaged 35 fours and seven sixes in an imposing total of 338, with Tendulkar standing supreme with 120 from 115 balls, his 47th ODI century, and his fifth in six World Cup campaigns. A late collapse, instigated by the tireless Tim Bresnan, saved England's blushes a touch as they scalped seven wickets in 25 balls, but it will take a superhuman effort under the floodlights to win this game now.

Even by Tendulkar's matchless standards, his was a vintage performance, and a masterful example of how to pace an innings. He was a casual bystander in the day's opening exchanges, as Virender Sehwag swiped England's early bid for momentum with an audacious but chancy 35 from 26 balls, but he picked up his tempo throughout a second-wicket stand of 134 with Gautam Gambhir, without ever needing to take risks to make his mark. The high point of his innings came when he belted consecutive sixes at the start of Graeme Swann's second spell, a calculated show of class that undermined England's trump bowler, and left Andrew Strauss floundering for alternatives as his tactics were picked apart.

In all Tendulkar stroked 10 fours and five sixes in what was, somewhat curiously, his first one-day hundred against England for nine years. By the time he was dismissed with 11 overs of the innings remaining, caught off a leading edge at cover (to give the labouring James Anderson his first one-day wicket in India for 53 overs dating back to 2006), India's total stood at an imposing 236 for 3, and it was a measure both of Tendulkar's brilliance and of England's dogged refusal to give in, that Yuvraj Singh and MS Dhoni were unable to cut loose to quite the extent they might have expected.

The batting Powerplay yielded 32 runs in five overs, and though Yuvraj kept up the tempo with nine fours in a 50-ball 58, he became the first victim of the collapse, when he holed out to deep midwicket to give Michael Yardy a wicket from the last ball of his spell. That set the stage for Bresnan to embark on a superb spell of death bowling to scalp his first five-wicket haul, and the best by an England seamer in World Cup history.

The first of Bresnan's victims - one ball later - was Dhoni, who sized up the midwicket boundary but picked out the substitute Luke Wright, before Yusuf Pathan, Virat Kohli and Harbhajan Singh were all dispatched in the space of four deliveries, courtesy of a slower ball and two yorkers. Consecutive run-outs then followed in Anderson's final over, but not before he had been filleted for 91 in 9.5 overs, the most expensive English analysis in World Cup history.

The omens for England had not been exactly positive going into the start of this match. Eleven defeats in their last 12 away matches against India underlined their status of underdogs, as did the two team's respective performances in their opening fixtures of the tournament - England's laboured victory over the Netherlands compared distinctly unfavourably to India's crunching win against Bangladesh in Dhaka, and when Stuart Broad, their best and most aggressive seamer, was ruled out with a stomach complaint before the start of the match, a vast swathe of England's gameplan went down with him.

Nevertheless, the opening exchanges were extraordinary. Sehwag, fresh from last week's brutal 175 against Bangladesh, faced up to Anderson, whose ten overs had disappeared for 72 against the Netherlands, and might have been dismissed three times in five balls. Anderson's first delivery was a full-length outswinger that a flat-footed Sehwag flashed past a diving Swann at second slip; his third zipped off a leading edge and looped over Ian Bell at cover, and the fifth lollipopped back down the track and just out of Anderson's reach in his followthrough.

With the stable door already ajar, the horse was set to bolt when a nervy Shahzad conceded two more boundaries in his first over, but England to their credit tightened their lines and made the early breakthrough courtesy of Bresnan, who lured Sehwag into a cute dink that nestled comfortably in Matt Prior's outstretched right glove. The Chinnaswamy Stadium immediately descended into the sort of silence that Graeme Swann had declared before the match was his favourite sound in the world.

Swann had a chance to extend that silence in his second over when Gambhir, emboldened by a sashay down the track that had resulted in a sumptuous four over long-off, tried the same stroke again, but inside-edged at a catchable height past Prior's gloves, and away for four. But while Gambhir's overt aggression diverted England's attention, Tendulkar's stealthier approach began to reap its rewards. He had reached 28 from 47 balls before he signalled to the dressing room that it was time for a heavier bat, and having belted Swann back over his head for four, he turned his attentions to the offcutters of Paul Collingwood, who joined the attack as England's fifth bowler in the 18th over of the innings, and was cracked for two Tendulkar sixes in the space of three overs.

If that got the crowd's juices flowing, then Tendulkar's double whammy against Swann - a pair of massive mows over the leg-side - tipped the entire stadium into ecstasy. He followed up with a sweet uppercut off Shahzad, teasing third man who had been dragged too fine in the previous over, and then further denuded Anderson's figures with consecutive off-side fours - the first of which was a trademark turf-scorching cover-drive.

Anderson's day did not improve when Gambhir inside-edged a flash through fine leg to reach his half-century from 59 balls, and though he eventually fell to a lazy poke at Swann two balls later, the manner of his departure would not exactly have given England much cheer. A sharp tweaker turned past the edge to clip the top of off, to give India's spin twins, Harbhajan Singh and Piyush Chawla, as much food for thought as England's batsmen. There's only one way back into this match for England now, and it's a mighty steep climb with a precipice either side.

India 1 Virender Sehwag, 2 Sachin Tendulkar, 3 Gautam Gambhir, 4 Virat Kohli, 5 Yuvraj Singh, 6 MS Dhoni (capt & wk), 7 Yusuf Pathan, 8 Harbhajan Singh, 9 Zaheer Khan, 10 Piyush Chawla, 11 Munaf Patel.

England 1 Andrew Strauss (capt), 2 Kevin Pietersen, 3 Jonathan Trott, 4 Ian Bell, 5 Paul Collingwood, 6 Matt Prior (wk), 7 Tim Bresnan, 8 Mike Yardy, 9 Graeme Swann, 10 James Anderson, 11 Ajmal Shahzad.

http://www.espncricinfo.com/icc_cricket_worldcup2011/content/current/story/503292.html

Andrew Miller is UK editor of ESPNcricinfo

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© ESPN EMEA Ltd.



Sachin saab, Dil kyu na maange more? 

Zee News - ‎3 hours ago‎
Ever since I gained senses in mid-eighties, no person other than Sachin Tendulkar has ruled my mind, soul and emotions in such a way that many people at different times thought either I was some runaway maniac from a mental asylum or simply an ...

One, the gram sabhas that are called for enquiry and verification of claims should be convened at the level of actual compact settlements of the hamlet or village, departing from the current practice of holding them at the panchayat level: these panchayat sabhas include several villages spread over a wide area, and therefore there is little local knowledge of people's actual possession and usufruct.

Two, the guidelines would like the States to ensure the admissibility of diverse forms of evidence, recognising that many official records may not accurately enter the claims of tribal people: officials also often seek documentary evidence, rejecting other evidence which is admissible in law.

Three, while the Act recognises the legal right of communities to conserve and manage forests, no specific procedure has been prescribed to claim and recognise community forest resource rights. The NAC proposes insertion of new rules to facilitate communities to access and enjoy these rights meaningfully. These will explicitly bar eviction, forced relocation or diversion of forest land in violation of people's rights, or where the gram sabha has not certified the process as being complete.

While the Sonia Gandhi-led NAC wants 75 per cent of the population, divided into the priority and general categories, given legal food entitlements, the Rangarajan panel has rejected the idea of legal food entitlements for the general category.

"We have been given the full mandate to go ahead with framing the Bill based on our own recommendations," NAC member Harsh Mander, who heads the Working Group on the National Food Security Bill, told The Hindu, after the council's 10th meeting here. The NAC's view is that its job is "to advise" the government, and not "be influenced" by its predilections. Once the council submits its recommendations, it will then be for the government to accept them fully, partially, or not at all, NAC sources said.

Since the last meeting, a detailed Framework Note and an Explanatory Note covering the main features of the proposed Bill have been placed on the NAC's website to elicit public comments by March 7 so that the draft Bill can be ready by the time it meets next on March 24.

Simultaneously, the NAC appears to have won two mini-victories, since its last meeting, one with the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) and the other with the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Following a meeting between NAC member Aruna Roy and DoPT representatives, the NAC sources said, differences over the draft rules to the Right to Information Act were further narrowed. The Tribal Affairs Ministry, too, has agreed to issue operational guidelines to the States on the Forest Rights Act (FRA) after NAC members met Tribal Affairs Minister Kantilal Bhuria recently, the sources said.

In a press statement, the NAC has recommended that the Ministry issue operational guidelines to plug loopholes in the FRA so that its key features, "the democratic process of recognising rights, the protection to a range of livelihood rights, and the powers of communities to protect and conserve forests, are not undermined."

Minimum support price

Four, since the Act has given the people rights over minor forest produce (MFP), a minimum support price must be guaranteed to the collectors with freedom to sell it either to state agencies or outside. The state agencies should widen and expand procurement to cover all forms of MFP. The Ministry of Environment and Forests is also advised to review its practice of leasing of minor forest produce (such as bamboo) and evolve practices which will be in consonance with the Act in letter and in spirit.

Five, the recommendations cover the need to promote awareness and facilitate people to continue filing claims by removing deadlines, the removal of procedural obstacles to recognition of other community rights, and the need for effective monitoring and grievance redress.

The NAC, led by UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi, will also set up working groups on land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation, urban poverty, and natural resources management, in convergence with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) with the focus on rainfed areas, and skill development and placement. Simultaneously, the working group on tribal development will start work on implementation of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA).

The working group on transparency and accountability will now focus on critical issues of the MGNREGA, particularly delayed payments, grievance redress and quality of assets. It will also work on the Lokpal Bill.

Members who attended the NAC meeting on Saturday included M.S. Swaminathan, Ram Dayal Munda, Professor Narendra Jadhav, Pramod Tandon, Jean Dreze, Madhav Gadgil, Aruna Roy, Anu Aga, A.K. Shiva Kumar, Deep Joshi, Farah Naqvi, Harsh Mander and Mirai Chatterjee.

At the 10th meeting of the NAC, chaired by Sonia Gandhi, the controversial RTI Rules limiting an application to one subject and 250 words were also discussed. The committee decided to suggest doubling the limit to 500 words, excluding the annexures. Besides, members were also of the view that an application should not be rejected even if it exceeds the word limit.

The NAC also decided to set up working groups on several issues which the government is currently dealing with: Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation; Urban Poverty; and Natural Resource management in convergence with MNREGA with focus on rain-fed areas.

The Working Group on Transparency and Accountability will now focus on critical issues concerning MGNREGA, particularly delayed payments, grievance redressal and quality of assets. "The Working Group will also work on the Lokpal Bill," said an NAC press release. Sources said there was no deliberation on the contents of the Lokpal Bill.

Harsh Mander, Convenor, National Food Security Bill, told the members that a framework note and an explanatory note covering the main features of the proposed Bill were put up on the website for comments from public by March 7 following which the bill will be drafted.

Ind vs Eng: Zaheer, Harbhajan give India a ray of hope 

Times of India - ‎58 minutes ago‎
NEW DELHI: Zaheer Khan took 3 quick wickets before Harbhajan Singh took one to reduce England to 289/6 in 45.2 overs in their World Cup clash at the M Chinnaswamy stadium in Bangalore on Sunday.

Opposition forces at Tripoli doorstep 

The Hindu - Atul Aneja - ‎1 hour ago‎
Opposition forces are now on the doorstep of Libya's capital Tripoli and faint outlines of an alternative government had by Sunday emerged in Benghazi, the uprising's stronghold to the east.

Two more AI flights for evacuating Indians 

The Hindu - ‎3 hours ago‎
PTI National carrier Air India will operate two more flights to Tripoli for evacuating Indian nationals stranded in strife-torn Libya.

India 338 (49.5 ov)

England 338/8 (50.0 ov)

Match tied

  • England RR 6.76
  • Last 5 ovs 51/3 RR 10.20
  • India RR (6.78) 6.76
Refresh scorecard
Current time: 23:13 local, 17:43 GMT ODI career
BatsmenRuns B4s 6sSR This bowlerLast 5 ovs Mat RunsHSAve
*Graeme Swann(rhb) 159 01166.66 8 (6b)15 (9b) 46314 3413.08
Ajmal Shahzad(rhb) 62 01300.00 6 (2b)6 (2b) 1038 97.60
 
BowlersOM RW Econ0s 4s6sThis spell MatWktsBBI Econ
*Munaf Patel(rmf) 10.00 7027.00 2051 2-0-17-1 5671 4/294.83
Piyush Chawla(lb) 10.00 7127.10 2253 1-0-15-1 2330 4/235.05

Recent overs 1 1 2 1lb 2 1 | 1 1 W 1 1 1 | . 6 1 2 6 W | 2 1 6 1b 2 1

Current partnership 13 runs, 1.0 overs, RR: 13.00 (Swann 6, Shahzad 6)

Last Bat TT Bresnan b Chawla 14 (18m 9b 0x4 1x6) SR: 155.55

Fall of wicket: 325/8 (48.6 ov); Partnership: 18 runs, 1.3 overs, RR: 12.00 (Swann 9, Bresnan 9)

Umpire reviews remaining England 1 (0 successful, 1 unsuccessful); India 1 (0 successful, 1 unsuccessful)

End of over 50 (13 runs) England 338/8 (1 run required from 0 balls, RR: 6.76)
GP Swann    15* (9b 1x6)      MM Patel    10-0-70-2
A Shahzad    6* (2b 1x6)      PP Chawla    10-0-71-2

Match tied Well well well. If it weren't for Munaf's short run from the last ball of India's innings India would have this game! Incredible match, Strauss's innings must rank as the best England ODI innings after Gooch's World Cup 115 in 1983. Fourth tied game in World Cup history. Breathless stuff, that game has twisted one way and another and again and another before ending up even. Ian Bell's Powerplay shot? India fluffing their last few overs with the bat? Misfields all round, all end up magnified.

What is left to say about it really. India were a bowler short, England a batsmen short and in the end it balanced to a perfect equilibrium. Zaheer's spell with the old ball in the batting Powerplay was remarkable. He is the absolute key to India's World Cup, more than Sachin or Sehwag I would argue. England will be gutted, Strauss led a chase like no other and deserved the win. Also Tim Bresnan, first with five wickets and then 14 runs to hold England together when they were doing their best to fall apart.

"The way they started I definitely am happy with a tie," says Dhoni. "When they were 2 down the way they were going the bowlers were finding it very tough. Zak changed it around for us he is a different bowler if you try and come at him it's very difficult. It could count as a win in the points table at the end."

Yes and no, really," answers Strauss to whether he is happy with the result. "We were in a great position and then had a shocking Powerplay. After that we were lucky and grateful for Swann and Shahzad to getting us to the tie. We're happy and devastated at the same time but privileged to play in a game like this."

Strauss is rightly named man of the match, "it's the best innings I've played." Indeed. Phew, that was immense fun. My nerves, not to mention fingers, are in tatters. Andrew Miller has somehow got to squeeze everything into a bulletin, when it's done it will be well worth a read. Might not get a better game all tournament. Not sure what that's done to the Fantasy standings but you should go and find out. The next game is, er, Canada v Zimbabwe tomorrow. Do join us for it.

49.6

Patel to Swann, 1 run, It's a tie! 100 overs of scintillating ODI cricket and the scores are level! That's what World Cup cricket is about! Swann drives hard as Munaf finds a perfect line and length, hit it cleanly but straight to mid-off who managed to make no fumble and pinned England to a single to seal the tie

49.5

Patel to Swann, 2 runs, Swann miles down the track, wants the boundary to finish it but finds an inside edge by heaving to leg. Manic running and slow fielding have him back for a second. One to tie, but two for a famous, unbelievable win...

49.4

Patel to Shahzad, 1 bye, Shahzad misses outside off but Swann has called through for a bye! Clever, steely stuff from Munaf, quite how a bowler holds his nerve in a situation like this is beyond me. Oh Shahzad what a strike that was.

49.3

Patel to Shahzad, SIX, Strauss is on his feet, Swann is screaming! What a shot from Shahzad! So clean! Just got his front leg out the way, got the half-volley he wanted and creamed it straight down the ground, over the bowler's head and into the stands for six!

49.2

Patel to Swann, 1 run, wonderful stuff from Munaf, perfect slower ball, nothing for Swann to work with and he can only outside edge to third man. Shahzad hits a long ball though...

49.1

Patel to Swann, 2 runs, Swann gives himself room outside off to drive towards cover, doesn't get the boundary he needs but a misfield allows him to keep the strike by scampering back a second

So, after 99 overs England need 14 to pull off a historic victory. India favourites, Munaf to bowl it...

End of over 49 (15 runs) England 325/8 (14 runs required from 6 balls, RR: 6.63, RRR: 14.00)
     PP Chawla    10-0-71-2
GP Swann    9* (5b 1x6)      MM Patel    9-0-58-2

48.6

Chawla to Bresnan, OUT, Chawla strikes back! One way and another this match is going! Bresnan tried again to to find the boundary, he had to, but it's quicker and flatter and through him onto off stump

TT Bresnan b Chawla 14 (18m 9b 0x4 1x6) SR: 155.55

48.5

Chawla to Bresnan, SIX, Bresnan has nailed this! Not another twist, surely! Down one knee, clearing his front leg and thrashing the life out of it, to send it rocketing over midwicket once more

48.4

Chawla to Bresnan, 2 runs, ooh, Bresnan trying to match Swann but can't quite time it as well. Pressure on though and a misfield allows him to come back for a second

48.3

Chawla to Swann, 1 run, Swann down the wicket now to try and swing a similar shot, this one skews off the leading edge and looped towards third man on the bounce

48.2

Chawla to Swann, SIX, absolute silence as Swann is on the sweep again. This time getting all of it and it shoots flat, hard over the midwicket rope!

48.1

Chawla to Swann, no run, big slog sweep attempted, but Swann only finds fresh air

Righty, Chawla on. Now or never. I suspect the latter.

End of over 48 (5 runs) England 310/7 (29 runs required from 12 balls, RR: 6.45, RRR: 14.50)
GP Swann    2* (2b)      MM Patel    9-0-58-2
TT Bresnan    6* (6b)      Z Khan    10-0-64-3

47.6

Patel to Swann, 1 run, lovely slower ball from Munaf. Saw Swann advancing, slipped it in slower, Swann ended up pushing back to him and there could well have been a run out but Munaf opted not to shy at the stumps

47.5

Patel to Bresnan, 1 run, Bresnan heaving but just can't get the timing or elevation to drag England back into this

47.4

Patel to Swann, 1 run, more canny work from Munaf, full and straight, Swann times his drive nicely but all along the ground to the long-off fielder

Graeme Swann is the new man. Tough day he's had.

47.3

Patel to Yardy, OUT, Yardy is out, and England must be as well now. Strauss has his head in his hand, he deserved more. Yardy tried to flip this over short fine leg but couldn't get enough on the slower ball and it spooned straight to the man

MH Yardy c Sehwag b Patel 13 (17m 10b 1x4 0x6) SR: 130.00

47.2

Patel to Bresnan, 1 run, Munaf is full and straight, you know what you'll get and Dhoni has set the field for it. Try as he did, Bresnan heaving through the line can only earn a single down the ground

47.1

Patel to Yardy, 1 run, Yardy looking for something expansive but only finds a thickish edge that runs away to third man. Somehow a boundary has got to come

Munaf now into the attack, he's canny but this has to England's target.

End of over 47 (8 runs) England 305/6 (34 runs required from 18 balls, RR: 6.48, RRR: 11.33)
MH Yardy    12* (8b 1x4)      Z Khan    10-0-64-3
TT Bresnan    4* (4b)      Harbhajan Singh    10-0-58-1

46.6

Khan to Yardy, 1 run, ooh, top fielding at point saves four here. Yardy squeezed out a fullish ball and timed it well but diving fielding prevented damage. What a Powerplay for India, just 25 runs and four,four wickets. Zaheer's work is done.

Zaheer Kahn is now trending on Twitter. He's be thrilled I'm sure...

46.5

Khan to Yardy, 2 runs, Yardy playing this nicely, slicing out to deep point. Hares back for a second but England need boundaries soon

46.4

Khan to Bresnan, 1 leg bye, another slower ball but Bresnan doesn't pick this. Swings again, but too early on the shot and it bobbles off the arm

46.3

Khan to Bresnan, 2 runs, Bresnan still believes, he's had such a good game. Sees a slower ball and slugs it around the corner, scampering hard for a second

A stunning effort from Yahya Firoze: u knw how i said world cup dreams are dead our bowling is too weak! in need of a miraculous streak, i take it back cuz we still got zak!

46.2

Khan to Yardy, 1 run, Yardy needed more from that, really misdirected, fired down the leg side, but Yardy couldn't get much bat on it and it dribbled out to Harbhajan at fine leg

46.1

Khan to Bresnan, 1 run, Bresnan clears his front leg and tries to pierce the offside ring, swings hard but without much timing and can only find a single to mid-off

Here is Zaheer to finish off. Looks like a matchwinning spell, will it be?

Commentator Sahil Dutta | Scorer Binoy George

--
http://www.espncricinfo.com/icc_cricket_worldcup2011/content/current/story/503292.html

National Advisory Council to work on Lokpal Bill 

The Hindu - ‎9 hours ago‎
PTI The National Advisory Council (NAC) led by UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi will examine the proposed draft Lokpal Bill and submit its recommendations to the government. NAC's working group on transparency and accountability, in a meeting held on ...

Strengthen Forest Rights Act, says National Advisory Council 

The Hindu - ‎20 hours ago‎
New Delhi: The National Advisory Council (NAC) has drawn up detailed operational guidelines, which it has recommended that the Union Tribal Affairs Ministry issue to the States for strengthening the Forest Rights Act (FRA). ...

NAC to write to Health Ministry on Rajasthan maternal deaths 

MSN India - ‎Feb 26, 2011‎
New Delhi, Feb 25 (PTI) Concerned over the maternal deaths in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, theNational Advisory Council (NAC) headed by Sonia Gandhi today decided to seek an explanation from the Health Ministry. The NAC discussed the recent maternal ...

NAC pushing for its version of Food Security Bill 

The Hindu - Smita Gupta - ‎Feb 19, 2011‎
NEW DELHI: Pressure from the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council (NAC) on the new Union Food Minister, KV Thomas, to accept its recommendations rather than the watered down version of the Rangarajan panel, which was set up to examine the NAC's ...

Riot bill jolt to NAC 

Calcutta Telegraph - Radhika Ramaseshan - ‎Feb 24, 2011‎
24: The National Advisory Council today suffered its first setback in revamping the anti-communal violence bill when four associate members quit because their concerns were not addressed. Two of the members are Shabnam Hashmi and John Dayal, ...

Govt to introduce 3 bills before NAC nod 

Hindustan Times - ‎Feb 20, 2011‎
The UPA-2 government has irked some members of the Sonia Gandhi headed National Advisory Council (NAC) with its intention to introduce three key social sector legislations in the budget session of Parliament, starting from Monday, without waiting for ...

NASA Advisory Council; Science Committee; Planetary Science Subcommittee; Meeting

Space Ref (press release) - ‎9 hours ago‎
SUMMARY: In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, Public Law 92-463, as amended, theNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announces a meeting of the Planetary Science Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council (NAC). ...

NAC to counter Rangarajan panel's criticism of its recommendations 

The Hindu - Smita Gupta - ‎Feb 8, 2011‎
In what looks like more trouble for the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government, the Sonia Gandhi-ledNational Advisory Council (NAC) has decided to take head on the Rangarajan committee's criticism of its now-controversial recommendations on food ...

Thomas food bill push 

Calcutta Telegraph - Radhika Ramaseshan - ‎Feb 13, 2011‎
13: New food minister KV Thomas has set the ball rolling on the food security bill, a top priority for the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council (NAC). Thomas, who last month replaced Sharad Pawar as minister in charge of the department, ...

Govt hopes to introduce food bill in Budget session: PM 

Economic Times - ‎Feb 24, 2011‎
UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi-headed National Advisory Council (NAC) is working on a draft Bill. The NAC has proposed a legal entitlement to subsidised foodgrains for 75 per cent of the country's total population. According to NAC's proposal, ...

27/02/2011

Exemption limit of I-T may be raised

Budget 2011: Pranab may dole out tax sops to salaried class and incentives to farmers

FM to exit from stimulus, 2 pc hike in excise likely

New Delhi: Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee is likely to give tax concessions to the salaried class and offer incentives to farmers in his Budget 2011-12 on Monday to give relief from high prices and keeping an eye on elections in five states.

It is widely expected that the Budget will raise the income tax exemption limit to Rs. 1.80 lakh from the current Rs. 1.60 lakh per annum.

The Finance Ministry is already committed to raising the exemption limit to Rs. 2 lakh per annum in the Direct Taxes Code (DTC) which is to be implemented from April 2012.

Mukherjee may also consider raising the limit for investment in tax-free infrastructure bonds to give a boost to the fund-starved sector. Investments up to Rs. 20,000 in infrastructure bonds enjoy tax exemption now.

Experts said with fiscal deficit projected to come down sharply to 4.8 per cent, the Finance Minister would have some leeway to provide these tax concessions.

The Economic Survey 2010-11 presented in Parliament projected fiscal deficit at 4.8 per cent, down from the budget estimate of 5.5 per cent for the current fiscal.

With five states -- Assam, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala and West Bengal-- heading for polls, it is unlikely that Mukherjee would completely roll back the stimulus and come out with harsh measures to increase government revenues and bring down fiscal deficit, experts said.

Mukherjee's third consecutive budget is also expected to increase the credit flow to the farm sector.

On tax rationalisation, Mukherjee had said, "The sustained growth has been possible due to rationalisation of tax structure, improvement in tax administration and persistent efforts of the employees of Income Tax department."

Inflation has remained above the comfort level for most part of the current fiscal and will be another focus area for Mukherjee.

The overall inflation at 8.23 per cent is higher than the comfort level of the Reserve Bank at 5-6 per cent. Food inflation had also touched at a high of 18.23 per cent in December, but moderated to 11.49 per cent in mid-February.

Industry fears that Mukherjee may roll back some of the stimulus to fight inflation. Moreover, the Survey had also projected the economy is recovering fast and is expected to return to the pre-crisis growth rate of 9 per cent in 2011-12.

Stimulus package provided by the government at the time financial meltdown helped India grew by 6.8 per cent in 2008-09, and by 8 per cent in 2009-10.

The economy grew by 8.9 per cent in the first half of 2010-11.

But the tax incentives and higher public expenditure also pushed up the fiscal deficit to 6.3 per cent in 2009-10. In the Budget 2010-11, Mukherjee had estimated fiscal deficit to be Rs. 3,81,408 crore.

Even as there could be some decline in government revenue due to higher exemption limits, Mukherjee would pin hopes on increased economic activity with a high growth rate of 9 per cent to bring in money to Centre's kitty.

Source: PTI

Rail Budget
  • Mamata Exp rolls into Bengal once again

    New Delhi: For the third successive year, the Railway Budget for 2011-12 spared passengers of any increase in fares and proposed no hike in freight rates while introducing 56 new trains, including nine non-stop Duronto trains and three Shatabdis.

  • Highlights of Railway Budget 2011-12

    No hike in passenger fare and freight rates.

  • The Didi-Lalu joust in Lok Sabha

    New Delhi: It was waiting to happen - Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee and her predecessor Lalu Prasad spewing anger at each other during the presentation of the railway budget.

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ABCs of Budget
  • Appropriation Bill

    Enables withdrawal of money from the Consolidated Fund to pay off expenses. These are instruments that Parliament clears after the demand for grants has been approved by the Lok Sabha

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  • MSN Headlines on TwitterMSN Headlines on Twitter

    MSN India brings you latest Headlines, Breaking News and Mobile updates- all in a single click. Now, check out minute by minute update on national, global & business news on Twitter.

People's Voice

Here's a chance to make your voice heard. Tell the Finance Minister exactly what you want in Union Budget 2011, and who knows, your wish just might come true!

  • Posted By: r.s. suresh kumar, Posted on: 2/27/2011, Location: ,,India
    Message: drastic,definite,straight and transparent outlook and polices with an affirmative,sincere and scientific implementation can only save this nation. policy makers better keep their eyes open.

  • Posted By: R.Sridhar, Posted on: 2/27/2011, Location: Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India
    Message: the main problem for inflation,price rise etc is because of the corrupt politicians.If the IAS officers were allowed to do their work properly,without political intervention then everything will be fine.

  • Posted By: Arun Banerjee, Posted on: 2/26/2011, Location: Calcutta,West Bengal,India
    Message: Please raise the TDS limit of Rs.10,000. Meager earnings of poor and illiterate villagers from their hard earned savings are getting eroded. They don't know 15G forms and don't possess PAN cards.

  • Posted By: Nishant, Posted on: 2/26/2011, Location: Mumbai,Maharashtra,India
    Message: Reduce the inflation. Cost of living in India is skyrocketing day by day.

  • Posted By: Banerjee Udaipur Rajasthan India, Posted on: 2/26/2011, Location: Chennai
    Message: Concentrate on Sr citizens for survival in this increased cost of living also treatments of kidney transplants

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Budget Wishlist
  • Cycle makers want govt to put a brake on rising steel pricesCycle makers want govt to put a brake on rising steel prices

    Chandigarh: Hit hard by rising input costs, cycle manufacturers in Ludhiana, which accounts for over 90% of country's bicycle and bicycle parts output, today demanded setting up of a regulator to monitor steel prices.

  • Readymade garment makers demand VAT relaxationReadymade garment makers demand VAT relaxation

    Jaipur: Rajasthan readymade garment manufacturers' association submitted a representation to the state government demanding lifting VAT on readymade garments manufactured in the state.

  • 'Give tax sops on affordable housing'

    New Delhi: Industry chamber Assocham today asked the government to re-introduce the tax exemption scheme to promote affordable housing in the forthcoming Budget for 2011-12.

  • Heavy Ind dept seeks Rs 1,000-cr for auto parts sectorHeavy Ind dept seeks Rs 1,000-cr for auto parts sector

    The Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) has asked the Finance Ministry to create a Rs 1,000-crore corpus to fund technology upgradation of the auto components industry to make it globally competitive, a senior ministry official said today.

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MSN Money Specials
  • msnImplications of railway budget 2011-2012

    This budget too is another of Mamata Banerjee's goody goody budget which has not increased the fares for passengers. Also she has proposed reduction in the online booking charges. But the budget totally lacks in terms of growth and vision ...

  • msnHighlights of railway budget 2011

    The suspense of the railway budget 2011 has been undone today. Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee today presented the third budget in UPA-II in the Lok Sabha. The budget seems to be a combination of strong economic focus along with enclosures. ...

  • msnHealth care and pharma budget wish list

    The healthcare and Pharmaceutical industry are one the most important sector for India's growth. Several proposals were suggested by ASSOCHAM to facilitate substantial investments in the healthcare sector in its pre-budget memorandum to the finance minister. Hence, if you are ...

  • msnAuto sector and the union budget!

    Had you invested in the Auto sector stocks last year, you could have earned a healthy return of more than 35%. While the long term growth prospects of this industry looks bright, surging inflation and input costs might act as ...

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27/02/2011

Bangalore duel ends in thrilling tie

Bangalore: A sloppy India got their act together in the nick of time to escape with a dramatic tie against a spirited England in a nerve-wracking World Cup group-B league match here. The Indians rode on Sachin Tendulkar's (120) record fifth World Cup century to pile up 338 all out but a heroic batting display by Andrew Strauss (158) and some toothless bowling allowed England to leave the match tied at a jam-packed Chinnaswamy Stadium.

Bangalore duel ends in thrilling tie

With 14 needed off the last over bowled by Munaf Patel, Graeme Swann collected three runs before Ahmal Shahzad sent the bowler straight down the ground for a six. That reduced the difference as England needed five off three, and then two off the last delivery. Swann drove the final ball but could not clear mid-off as the match, which saw two magnificent knocks, came to a thrilling end.

India, touted as the favourites, were in the end lucky to escape with a tie as England lost their nerves and collapsed in the dying stages after being 282 for two at one stage. It was a remarkable result as both teams managed to get a point each from the thrilling contest which saw fortune fluctuate from one team to the other till the very end.

The Indians gave a sorry account of themselves on the field as they not only fielded poorly but the bowling also lacked the sting. It was a fiery burst by Zaheer Khan, who took the key wickets of Strauss and Bell, which helped them to bounce back.
The England innings began with a flourish as Strauss and Kevin Petersen went for their strokes and maintained a scoring rate of over seven runs an over.

The opening pair put on 68 runs before Munaf provided the breakthrough by accounting for the dismissal of Pietersen, taking a stunning return catch in his second attempt much to the delight of his teammates. Strauss seemed to be in no discomfort as he notched up his 28th ODI half century and also completed the milestone of scoring more than 4000 runs in ODIs. Strauss and Jonathan Trott tried to carry the momentum before leg spinner Piyush Chawla struck by trapping Trott plumb in front of the wicket.

Source: PTI

Scorecard | Gallery |

Bangalore duel ends in thrilling tie

Ian Bell was lucky to survive a confident shout for leg before. Umpire Billy Bowden initially ruled him not out but the Indians opted for a review.

Television replays showed that the ball would have hit the stumps but the third umpire decided that he was too far down the track to be given out.

Strauss notched up his sixth ODI century and his first in the World Cup when he took a single off Yusuf Pathan to keep his team's run chase on track.

The Indian bowling completely lacked the sting as both Strauss and Bell took them closer to the target while poor fielding only compounded the home team's misery.

The duo stitched 170 runs for the third wicket before Zaheer livened up the proceedings by getting the scalps of Bell (69) and Strauss with two consecutive deliveries.

Bell, who was struggling with cramps, tried to go for a mighty heave but failed to time the ball properly and virat Kohli made no mistake with the catch.

In the very next ball, Strauss was trapped leg before to allow the Indians to come back into the game.

Zaheer struck again in the next over by castling the dangerous Paul Collingwood and suddenly England slumped to 285 for five from a comfortable 281 for two.

Harbhajan then got rid of Matt Prior with Suresh Raina taking a well judged catch.

Tim Bresnan and Swann smashed Chawla for two sixes in the penutimate over to once again bring England back in contention. But the three-time finalists fell short by just one run in the final analysis as the match ended in a tie, the fourth time in the history of World Cups.

Tendulkar's blistering ton takes India to 338 all out

Tendulkar's blistering ton takes India to 338 all out

Bangalore: Sachin Tendulkar smashed a record fifth World Cup century with a breath-taking display of strokeplay as India rattled up an imposing 338 all out in their group-B league match against England here today.

The 37-year-old Tendulkar (120) slammed his fifth World Cup century, the highest by any cricketer in the mega event, to provide the sparks in a scintillating Indian batting display at the jam-packed Chinnaswamy stadium. Apart from Tendulkar's 47th ODI century, Gautam Gambhir (51), Yuvraj Singh (58) and Virender Sehwag (35) were the other notable scorers as the Indians virtually tore the English batting attack to shreds to leave the visitors with a stiff asking rate of 6.78. It was India's highest World Cup total against England. Pacer Tim Bresnan was the pick of the England bowlers with 5/48 but none of the other bowlers could make much of an impression.

It was vintage stuff by Tendulkar as he unleashed 10 boundaries and five sixes in his 115-ball 120 to lay the platform for the Indian onslaught. Tendulkar's milestone moment came in the 35th over when he glanced Tin Bresnan to the boundary to record his fifth World Cup century, surpassing former India captain Sourav Ganguly, current Australia captain Ricky Ponting and his former teammate Mark Waugh who had four hundreds to their credit.

Electing to bat first, the Indian innings began on a tentative note but the runs started flowing once the batsmen came to terms with the pace and bounce of the Chinnaswamy track. Opener Virender Sehwag had a reprieve in the very first ball of the innings as Graeme Swann dropped a difficult chance in the second slip off James Anderson. The dashing opener tried to push Anderson's outgoing delivery and got a thick edge but Swann could not latch on to the sharp chance.

Sehwag had two more close shaves in an eventful first over as he struggled to time the ball well. But he began to look a little more comfortable against paceman Ajmal Shahzad as he spanked him to the boundary in his first ball. Sehwag attacked Anderson by smashing him to the point boundary while Tendulkar also tried to force the pace of scoring by going for his strokes.

Although the ball was not coming on to the bat quickly enough in the initial stages, Sehwag played with customary flourish and picked up Anderson for special treatment by clobbering him for 11 runs in one over. But his belligerence was shortlived as he perished in the very next over with pacer Tim Bresnan accounting for his scalp in his very first over.

Tendulkar's blistering ton takes India to 338 all out

Bresnan provided some width and Sehwag tried to steer the ball through the vacant slips but only succeeded in edging the ball to wicket-keeper Matt Prior. His whirlwind knock of 35 came off 26 balls and contained six boundaries. With Sehwag's departure, Tendulkar took upon imself the responsibility of scoring briskly as he hammered Anderson for two consecutive boundaries.

The left-handed Gautam Gambhir, who joined the action after Sehwag's fall, also made his intentions clear as he used his feet to smash spinner Graeme Swann to the boundary in his first over. But in that same over, Gambhir was lucky to survive a stumping chance. Tendulkar brought about India's 100 on the board in style by lifting Paul Collingwood for a huge six over long off. He notched up his 94th ODI half century with another six, Collingwood being the bowler again.

With the two Indian bastmen going great guns, England captain Andrew Straus brought back his main spinner Swann into the attack and Tendulkar greeted him with two consecutive sixes much to the delight of the capacity crowd. Tendulkar lifted Swann's first ball for a six over wide long-on with intense power and then clobbered the next ball over mid wicket.

While Tendulkar went on the offensive, Gambhir fetched his 22nd ODI half century with a streaky boundary to the third man region. But Gambhir (51) perished in the very next over being bowled by Swann as he lazily tried to steer a turning ball towards third man only to see his stumps being knocked down, bringing an end to the rollicking 134-run partnership.

Tendulkar then created history by becoming the first cricketer to score five centuries in the World Cup when he glanced Bresnan to the fine leg boundary. After completing the milestone, Tendulkar unleashed a flurry of strokes and again picked up Swann for special treatment by clobbering him for a mighty six over long-on.

It was Anderson who brought an end to Tendulkar's rampaging knock as the champion batsman played his shot a touch too early and Michael Yardy took the catch at cover. His scintillating 115-ball 120 contained 10 boundaries and five sixes. Yuvraj notched up his 46th ODI half century by hitting Anderson to the boundary as he combined with captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni to maintain the run flow. Yuvraj and Dhoni returned to the pavilion in quick succession as they tried to force the pace of scoring in the slog overs.

Source: PTI

Welcome to Ministry of Tribal Affairs

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs was constituted in October 1999 with the objective of providing more focused attention on the integrated socio-economic development of the most under-privileged sections of the Indian society namely, the Scheduled Tribes (STs), in a coordinated and planned manner. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes for development of STs. To this end, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs undertakes activities that flow from the subjects allocated under the Government of India(Allocation of Buisness)Rules,1961.

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http://tribal.nic.in/index.asp

Integrated Tribal DevelopmentProjects/Agencies (ITDPs/ITDAs)

The ITDPs are generally contiguous areas of the size of a Tehsil or Block or more in which the ST population is 50% or more of the total. On account of demographic reasons, however ITDPs. in Assam, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal may be smaller or not contiguous.Andhra Pradesh and Orissa have opted for an Agency model under the Registration of Societies Act and the ITDPs there are known as ITD Agencies(ITDAs). So far 194 ITDPs/ITDAs have been delineated in the country in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerela, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Island and daman & Diu. In Jammu and Kashmir though no ITDP has been delineated yet the areas having ST Population in the State are treated as covered under the TSP strategy. In eight states having scheduled areas the ITDPs/ITDAs are generally co terminus with TSP areas. The ITDPs/ITDAs are headed by Project Officer though they may be designated Project Administrators or Project Directors.

Modified Area Development Approach (MADA) pockets

These are identified pockets of concentration of ST population containing 50% or more ST population within a total population of minimum of 10,000. The total number of MADAs identified so far in the various TSP States is 259. Generally, MADA pockets do not have separate administrative structures to implement development programmes. The line Departments of the State Govt. are expected to implement development programmes in MADA pockets under the overall control of the District authorities.

CLUSTERS

These are identified pockets of tribal concentration containing 50% or more ST population within a total population of about 5,000 or more. As in the case of MADA pockets, there are no separate administrative structures for Clusters. So far 82 Clusters have been identified in various T.S.P. states.

PRIMITIVE TRIBAL GROUPS(PTGs)

Primitive tribal groups are tribal communities among the STs who live in near isolation in inaccessible habitats. They are characterised by a low rate of growth of population, pre-agrcultural level of technology and extremely low levels of literacy. So far 75 PTGs have been identified.

State/UT-wise details are given in the subsequent pages that follow.


Introduction

The Constitution of India does not define Scheduled Tribes as such.Article 366(25) refers to scheduled tribes as those communities who are scheduled in accordance with Article 342 of the Constitution. According to Article 342 of the Constitution, the Scheduled Tribes are the tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within these tribes and tribal communities which have been declared as such by the President through a public notification. As per the 1991 Census, the Scheduled Tribes account for 67.76 million representing 8.08 percent of the country's population. Scheduled Tribes are spread across the country mainly in forest and hilly regions.
The essential characteristics of these communities are:-


Primitive Traits
Geographical isolation 
Distinct culture
Shy of contact with community at large
Economically backward

The 1991 Census figures reveal that 42.02 percent of the Scheduled Tribes populations were main workers of whom 54.50 percent were cultivators and 32.69 per cent agricultural laborers. Thus, about 87 percent of the main workers from these communities were engaged in primary sector activities. The literacy rate of Scheduled Tribes is around 29.60 percent, as against the national average of 52 percent. More than three-quarters of Scheduled Tribes women are illiterate. These disparities are compounded by higher dropout rates in formal education resulting in disproportionately low representation in higher education. Not surprisingly, the cumulative effect has been that the proportion of Scheduled Tribes below the poverty line is substantially higher than the national average. The estimate of poverty made by Planning Commission for the year 1993-94 shows that 51.92 percent rural and 41.4 percent urban Scheduled Tribes were still living below the poverty line.

The Constitution of India incorporates several special provisions for the promotion of educational and economic interest of Scheduled Tribes and their protection from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. These objectives are sought to be achieved through a strategy known as the Tribal Sub-Plan strategy, which was adopted at the beginning of the Fifth Five Year Plan. The strategy seeks to ensure adequate flow of funds for tribal development form the State Plan allocations, schemes/programmes of Central Ministries/Departments, financial and Developmental Institutions. The cornerstone of this strategy has been to ensure earmarking of funds for TSP by States/UTs in proportion to the ST population in those State/Uts. Besides the efforts of the States/UTs and the CentralMinistries/Departments to formulate and implement Tribal Sub-Plan for achieving socio-economic development of STs, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing several schemes and programmes for the benefits of STs.

The progress over the years on the literacy front may be seen from the following :-

 


1961


1971


1981


1991

 

2001

 


Total literate population


24 %


29.4 %


36.2 %


52.2 %

64.84%


Scheduled Tribes (STs) population


8.5 %


11.3 %


16.3 %


29.6 %

47.10%


Total female population


12.9 %


18.6 %


29.8 %


39.3 %

53.67%


Total Scheduled Tribes (STs) female population


3.2 %


4.8 %


8.0 %


18.2 %

34.76%

 

 There are now 194 Integrated Tribal Development Projects (ITDPs) in the country, where the ST population is more than 50% of the total population of the blocks or groups of block. During the Sixth Plan, pockets outside ITDP areas, having a total population of 10,000 with at least 5,000 scheduled tribes were covered under the Tribal Sub-Plan under Modified Area Development Approach (MADA). So far 252 MADA pockets have been identified in the country. In addition, 79 clusters with a total population of 5,000 of which 50 per cent are schedule tribes have been identified.

In order to give more focussed attention to the development of Scheduled Tribes, a separate Ministry, known as the Ministry of Tribal Affairs was constituted in October 1999. The new Ministry carved out of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, is the nodal Ministry for overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes and schemes for the development of Scheduled Tribes.

The mandate of the Ministry includes social security and social insurance with respect to the Scheduled Tribes, tribal welfare planning, project formulation research and training, promotion and development of voluntary efforts on tribal welfare and certain matters relating to administration of the Scheduled Areas. In regard to sectoral programmes and development of these communities, the policy, planning, monitoring, evaluation as also their coordination is the responsibility of the concerned central Ministries/Departments, State Governments and UT Administrations. Each Central Ministry/Department will be the nodal Ministry of Department concerning its sector. Ministry of Tribal Affairs supports and supplements the efforts of State Governments/U.T. Administrations and the various Central Ministries/Departments for the holistic development of these communities.


Draft National Food Security Bill, 2010

The draft Food Security Bill that seeks to give legal right to every Below Poverty Line family in India to get 25 kgs of wheat or rice per month at the rate of Rs 3 per kg. The central government shall allocate required quantity of wheat and/or rice from the central pool to state governments under Targeted PDS for distribution to identified BPL families through the Fair Price Shops. 

Whereas the Government has several schemes for augmenting agricultural production and ensuring adequate availability of food for different segments, a Bill to provide a statutory framework to entitle families living below the poverty line to certain minimum quantities of foodgrains per month through targeted public distribution system. This Act may be called the National Food Security Act, 2010.

Jan 2010
Government of India


  1. Food Security Bill: Cause of elation or grief? - Rediff.com India News

    19 Apr 2010 ... 'The poor must be allowed to self select themselves. A poor family must be given a ration card on demand and the government must accept ...
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  2. FOOD SECURITY BILL2010……………. "Half baked, still cooking" « SMC ...

    27 Jul 2010 ... But Montek Singh Ahluwalia, the deputy chairman of India's Planning Commission, has said the proposed food security bill will not lead to ...
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  3. NAC watching, govt to revisit Food Security Bill - The Times of India

    The Food Security Bill is going to be taken up afresh by the empowered ... NAC watching, govt to revisit Food Security Bill. TNN, Apr 3, 2010, 02.04am IST ...
    timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/...Food-Security-Bill/.../5756013.cms - Cached
  4. India State Hunger Index May Improve with Food Security Act ...

    13 Aug 2009 ... December 1, 2010Food Security, Farming, and Climate Change to 2050 ...The Times of India reported the Food Security Act will require ...
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National Advisory Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
National Advisory Council
New NAC.jpg
Sonia Gandhi and the fourteen members
Agency overview
FormedJune 2004
Jurisdiction Government of India (Union Government)
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Agency executiveSonia Gandhi, Chairman
Website
Official site

The National Advisory Council of India is an advisory body set up to monitor the implementation of the UPA government's manifesto, the Common Minimum Programme(CMP). It is a brainchild of Congress party president, Sonia Gandhi. It is also informally called as UPA's Planning Commission for social agenda. On 23 March 2006, Sonia gandhi had resigned from the post of chairmanship of the NAC after Office of profit controversy. On 29 March 2010, she was back as the chairperson of NAC.

Contents

 [hide]

[edit]History

NAC was set up on 4 June 2004 by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, during UPA-I, to implement the National Common Minimum Programme, or CMP. [1]

[edit]Organisation

The leader of the Congress party, Sonia Gandhi is the chairperson of NAC, holding the status of a cabinet minister. The other members of this council are nominated by the prime minister in consultation with the chairperson. The funds for the functioning of this council are provided from the budgetary allocation for the Prime Minister's Office.

[edit]NAC - II (2010 - present)

The NAC - II is a mix of activists, retired bureaucrats, economists, politicians and an industrialist.

The NAC secretariat has Rita Sharma as its Secretary.[3][4]

[edit]Focus areas

  • Natural resource management, including revitalisation of agriculture,
  • Development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
  • Welfare of minorities
  • Poverty elimination and employment generation
  • Land rights and land reforms
  • Right to education, disadvantaged children
  • Health security and medical insurance
  • Social security and safety net for the disadvantaged groups
  • Urban poverty
  • Development of the northeast
  • Special Component plan for Scheduled Castes and the tribal sub-plan for Scheduled Tribes.

[edit]NAC - I (2004 - 2006)

[edit]Achievements

The RTE act neglected the constitutional rights of tribal councils in north east India, which are the bodies having controlling powers over Elementary Education in their respective areas.

[edit]Criticisms

The NAC has been criticized by opposition parties and scholars as not in keeping with India's constitution, and that it would emerge as an alternative, unelected cabinet, particularly given Mrs. Gandhi's political standing.[5][6][7][8]

[edit]References

[edit]External links

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