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Monday, January 30, 2012

अभिनय के अलावा गायन में भी निपुण थीं सुरैया

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Monday, 30 January 2012 13:35

नयी दिल्ली, 30 जनवरी (एजेंसी) हिंदी फिल्मों की चर्चित हस्तियों में से एक सुरैया उस दौर की आखिरी महत्वपूर्ण कड़ी थीं जब कलाकार अभिनय के अलावा पार्श्वगायन भी खुद करते थे। 
सुरैया को अभिनय के अलावा पार्श्वगायन में भी निपुणता हासिल थी और उन्होंने दोनों विधाओं में अपनी प्रतिभा का लोहा मनवाया। हालांकि उन्होंने संगीत की कोई विधिवत शिक्षा नहीं ली थी। बहुमखी प्रतिभा की धनी सुरैया के लिए फिल्मी दुनिया अपरिचित नहीं थी और उनके एक चाचा फिल्मों में अभिनय करते थे। 
दिग्गज संगीतकार नौशाद ने एक रेडियो कार्यक्रम में सुरैया की आवाज सुनी। सुरैया की गायन प्रतिभा से प्रभावित नौशाद ने उन्हें सिर्फ 13 साल की उम्र में ''शारदा'' फिल्म में पार्श्वगायन का मौका दिया। जब सुरैया की अभिनय यात्रा शुरू हुई तो उनकी रेशमी आवाज ने भी उनके अभिनय के समानांतर जादू बिखेरा। 
हिन्दी फिल्मों में 1940 से 50 का दशक सुरैया के नाम कहा जा सकता है। उनकी एक झलक पाने के लिए उनके प्रशंसक मुंबई में उनके घर के सामने घंटों खड़े रहते और यातायात जाम हो जाता। 
अविभाजित भारत के गुजरांवाला में 15 जून 1929 को पैदा हुयी सुरैया ने फिल्मों में अपना करिअर 1941 में शुरू किया था। 'ताजमहल' फिल्म में वह बाल कलाकार के तौर पर आईं। 
के आसिफ की ''फूल'', महबूब खान की ''अनमोल घड़ी'' में छोटी भूमिकाएं निभाने के बाद 1945 में सुरैया दिग्गज कलाकार के एल सहगल की सिफारिश पर 'तदबीर' फिल्म में मुख्य नायिका बन कर आईं। सहगल भी सुरैया की आवाज के दीवाने थे। 1946 में आई 'उमर खैयाम' और 1947 की 'परवाना' में सुरैया और सहगल की जोड़ी पर्दे पर आई। 

लगातार तीन सुपर हिट फिल्मों ... ''प्यार की जीत'' :1948:, ''बड़ी बहन'' और ''दिल्लगी'' :1949: ने सुरैया को सफलता के शिखर पर पहुंचा दिया। उन्होंने अपने दौर के सभी लोकप्रिय नायकों के साथ काम किया।
बाद के दिनों में उनकी कई फिल्मों को अपेक्षित कामयाबी नहीं मिली। 1954 में सुरैया दो फिल्मों वारिस और मिजर्Þा गÞालिब में नजर आईं। मिजर्Þा गÞालिब में उन्होंने गालिब की प्रेयसी की भूमिका को अपने अभिनय से जीवंत कर दिया। तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री जवाहरलाल नेहरू ने भी सुरैया की इस भूमिका की तारीफÞ की थी। 
सदाबहार अभिनेता देव आनंद के साथ उनकी जोड़ी काफी सफल और चर्चित रही। दोनों ने छह फिल्मों में एक साथ काम किया। निजी जीवन में भी दोनों के एक दूसरे के करीब आने की चर्चा थी। लेकिन घरवालों के प्रबल विरोध के कारण बात आगे नहीं बढ़ सकी। 
वर्ष 1963 में आई रूस्तम सोहराब सुरैया की आखिरी फिल्म थी। इसके बाद उन्होंने अपने को फिल्मों से लगभग अलग कर लिया। 31 जनवरी 2004 को सुरैया का 75 साल की उम्र में निधन हो गया।

  1. Ye mausam aur ye tanhai - a song by Suraiya - YouTube

    www.youtube.com/watch?v=tl-854dUlaw29 Mar 2008 - 3 min - LonelySea79
    Noor Jehan's place is safe .. Lataji, Suraiya dn others had their time but Noor Jehan will be immortal ...
  2. Suraiya - Aap Se Pyar Hua

    www.youtube.com/watch?v=sC19dfAtZAA26 Apr 2010 - 6 min - 9431885
    Album: Shama (2004)
  3. Suraiya - Bigdi Banane Wale

    www.youtube.com/watch?v=TSOJ4R1gXnQ8 Nov 2010 - 3 min - yuanyuanyuanyin
    Album: Badi Bahen (2004)

    Suraiya

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Suraiya
    Born Suraiya Jamaal Sheikh
    June 15, 1929
    GujranwalaBritish India
    DiedJanuary 31, 2004 (aged 74)
    MumbaiIndia

    Suraiya Jamaal Sheikh (15 June 1929 - 31 January 2004) was a singer and actress of theIndian films in the 40s and 50s, and was popularly known by her first name Suraiya.[1][2][3]

    Contents

      [hide

    [edit]Early life

    Suraiya was born in GujranwalaPunjab, (which is in Pakistan since 1947), and was the only child of her parents. She was not formally trained in music; yet she went on to become a successful singing actress.

    She attended New Girls' also known as J.B. Petit High School for Girls, in FortBombay (Mumbai). She received religious teachings inPersian at home.

    [edit]Career

    Suraiya made her debut as a child artist in Usne kya socha (1937). She got a prominent role as a child artist with the help of her uncle Zahoor, who was then a popular villain actor. During a holiday from school in 1941, she accompanied him to Mohan Studios to see the shooting of the film Taj Mahal which was being directed by Nanubhai Vakil. Vakil noticed Suraiya and not having in his mind at that time any particular young girl to play the role of young Mumtaz Mahal in Taj mahal, selected Suraiya to play that role.[4]

    Music director Naushad once heard Suraiya's voice on All India Radio while she sang for a children's program, and chose her to sing as a 13 year old for Mehtaab in Kardar's film Sharda (1942). He was Suraiya's mentor and she sang some of the best songs of her career under his baton. Later he gave hits after hits when Suraiya became full fledged singing star in Anmol Ghadi (1946), Dard (1947), Dillagi (1949) andDastaan (1950). Naushad composed approximately 51 songs for Suraiya, coming at 2nd place after Husnlal Bhagatram for composing the highest number of songs for Suraiya.

    As an adult, Suraiya initially played secondary roles in K. Asif's Phool (1944), Mehboob Khan's Anmol Ghadi (1946), which was written byAghajani Kashmeri also Kashmiri, and Dard (1947). She got a break as a heroine for the film Tadbir (1945) at the recommendation of K. L. Saigal, who liked her voice during a rehearsal. She went on to costar with Saigal in Omar Khayyam (1946) and Parwana (1947). Although by then she had a couple of hit songs, but the four solo songs which she sang in Parwana made her a genuine singer star. She considered Composer of these songs, Khawaja Khurshid Anwar as her favorite Music Director for whom she sang just thirteen songs during 1943 to 1949. More opportunities arose for Suraiya after reigning actresses Noor Jehan and Khursheed Bano migrated to Pakistan following the 1947partition of British India.

    As an actress, Suraiya had an edge over her contemporaries Kamini Kaushal and Nargis because she could sing her own songs. After three hits Pyar ki jeet (1948), Badi Behen, and Dillagi (1949), she became the highest paid female star. But her reign at the top was brief; her films started flopping in the 1950s. She made a comeback in Waaris and Mirza Ghalib (1954). Rustom Sohrab (1963) was her last film.

    [edit]Personal life

    Suraiya was romantically involved with actor Dev Anand. The two of them costarred in six films between 1948 and 1951. During the shooting of the song Kinare kinare chale jayen ge of the film Vidya in 1948, a boat capsized and Dev Anand saved Suraiya from drowning. After this incident Suraiya fell in love with him. Dev Anand also responded.

    On the sets of the film Jeet 1949, Dev Anand finally proposed to Suraiya and gave her a diamond ring worth Rs 3,000 but her maternal grandmother opposed the relationship as they were Muslim and Dev Anand was a Hindu. Out of this grief Suraiya decided to remain a spinster all her life. They stopped acting together, after her grandmother opposed, so Do Sitare 1951, turned out to be the last film of the pair to release.

    Suraiya lived in her apartment on Marine Drive in Mumbai until her death due to cancer in 2004 at age 75.[5]


    She was interred at Badakabarastan in Marine LinesMumbai.

    Suraiya was declared the second Melody Queen (Malika-e-Tarannum) in the sub-continent after Noor Jehan (Malika-e-Tarannum).

    Her greatness can be judged by these comments. "You have put life in the soul of 'Mirza Ghalib'", were the remarks of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian Prime Minister The Hollywood legend Gregory Peck was keen to meet Suraiya. In connection with the shooting of some film he happened to visit Bombay (Mumbai) where he was honoured by the great actress by meeting him.

    [edit]References

    1. ^ Came like a Meteor The Hindu, 6 February 2004.
    2. ^ Tribute:Suraiya Screen (magazine), 13 February 2004.
    3. ^ Tribute:Suraiya Outlook (magazine), 31 January 2004.
    4. ^ Suraiya, the singing star The Hindu, 13 July 2007.
    5. ^ Suraiya: The singer-actress we all will miss By Lata Khubchandani, India Syndicate, Sify.com, 31 January 2004.

    [edit]External links

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