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Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Fwd: [Please vote Lenin Raghuvanshi as reconciliation movement against caste system for Roland Berger Hum...

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From: Lenin Raghuvanshi <>
Date: Wed, Aug 22, 2012 at 1:00 AM
Subject: [Please vote Lenin Raghuvanshi as reconciliation movement against caste system for Roland Berger Hum...
To: Please vote Lenin Raghuvanshi as reconciliation movement against caste system for Roland Berger Human Dignity Award <>

Friction between Asian values and universal...
Lenin Raghuvanshi 1:00am Aug 22
Friction between Asian values and universal human rights emerges. Or maybe never was.

Edmund Burke said in the eighteenth century, in India, the laws of religion, land and honor are fused into a single vertebra that individuals and societi
es forever. Hundreds of years later, today, some civil society organizations denounce Indian consequences of that system. These include People's Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR), whose leaders stress that the universality of human rights in the country creek no resistance by the traditional circles to dispense with the powers conferred by ancient habits. However, the most recognized intellectual alive Subcontinent, Amartya Sen reminds us how many centuries before the Emperor Ashoka, considered the founder of India, included among the objectives of his government's lack of aggression, impartiality and good manners towards all creatures.

Had traced to the late 90s this comparison between inflexible tradition described by Burke and PVCHR and egalitarian harmony which boasts Ashoka, the defense of tolerance preached by the latter would have surprised many. Just fifteen years ago, the debate on the irreconcilability of universal human rights and so-called Asian values was in full swing. The defense of the latter was based on the alleged incompatibility with human rights principles that enshrine traditional values order and collective versus individual freedoms. According to its proponents, the prominence of Asian values prevent degradation of the customs of the Western way of life. The idea was put forward by governors as Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore's former prime minister, who took it to new dimensions practices to popularize the idea that authoritarianism promotes economic development.

The opposition between Asian values and human rights promoted by Western liberal democracy part of a vague notion, since it is impossible to encapsulate the complexity of the traditions of Asia into a single concept. However, it works as a unifying element for different countries that share economic and moral arguments to avoid interference. Lee's thesis seems to argue, without going any further, the development model and inflexibility brilliant policy of China, where the authoritarian pragmatism caters more to the sublimation of the national economic future than the corsets of tradition. In India, however, the universality of human rights has fallen by the wayside not only pragmatic visions of the future, but above all by the desire to preserve the traditional elites and the religious organization of society. Since Asia is a vast continent, each country is to avoid disparate motivations dive full in the universal regime of human rights.

The debate now seems outdated, but the Asian skepticism towards the concept of human rights survives. China continues perched on the indispensability of the heavy hand as the foundation of economic growth. India, especially in rural areas, is adept at unquestioned aegis of the caste system. In turn, the relationship of authoritarianism to economic success, which is normally considered more typical of the Subcontinent Far East, stands out among the Indian authorities. According to the latest report published by Amnesty International, Mahomman Singh's government focuses on economic growth at the expense of human rights.

Since Asia is a vast continent, each country is to avoid disparate motivations dive full in the universal regime of human rights.
The rise of Asian values and doubts about Western formulations are also present in the ongoing process of regional integration of human rights. After 45 years of common history, the nations of ASEAN are arranged in November to approve a declaration of human rights. Experts who have seen drafts of the text argue that, contrary to the defendant by the champions of Asian values, the document will not contain explicit references to prioritize the rights of the community over the individual. But beyond this progress, the declaration shall follow the inviolable principle of non-interference in the sovereignty of the Member States, so that its scope will be diminished input.

The statement will be further weakened by the geographic disparity, religious and cultural life of the countries comprising ASEAN, which includes communist regimes, constitutional monarchies, multiethnic democracies or authoritarian city-state. They also include metamorphosed always exceptional and Myanmar, whose opposition leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, is among the more regional political figures have criticized waterproof Asian values as the universality of human rights. Given the disparity of values and interests, Asian nations are not common purposes that encourage them to agree on the statement. Contrary to what happened in Europe, where the rise of communism and the trauma of Nazism provided very strong arguments for the adoption of the European Convention on Human Rights in Asia motivations seem less compelling and more subject to the predilections of each State .

The disagreement in this and other episodes spanning several continents, not just Asia. But it is in Asia where some of the most inspiring examples to relegate human rights background. From little Amartya Sen has served recalcase in 1997 that economic success does not depend on the heavy-handed, but the improvement of education, land reform, investment incentives and the rational use of international markets. Lee's theses are especially tempting at a time when Europe economic evidence and dismantles wear by cutting a part of the repertoire of rights enjoyed by its citizens. The rise of Asia and the decline of the West keep getting recurring cultural justifications for human rights not hinder state sovereignty and economic development.
Edmund Burke afirmó en el siglo XVIII que, en la India, la leyes de la religión, de la tierra y del ...

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