Signaling the end of an era in Maharashtra politics, Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray breathed his last at around 3.30 pm on Saturday at his residence 'Matoshree' after days of uncertainity over his health condition.
The Hindu -
|The Hindu||-|| |
बाल ठाकरे के निधन के साथ ही मुंबई में तनाव, 20 हजार पुलिसकर्मी तैनात
बाल ठाकरे के निधन पर नामी लोगों ने जताया शोक
मैंने पिछले कुछ दिन कई घंटे उनके पास गुजारे। जीवन के लिए संघर्ष करते देखते हुए उनके लिए दिल से हर पल दुआ निकलती रही। वह जिस दृढ़ता से जीवन की जंग लड़ रहे थे, वह अचरज में डालने वाला था। चंद घंटे पहले जब मैं केसरिया कपड़े से ढके उनके निष्प्राण और शांत शरीर के पास खड़ा था तो यह विश्वास करना मुश्किल था कि वह हमको छोड़कर चले गए हैं
अमिताभ बच्चन, बॉलिवुड स्टार
आज शाम साढ़े तीन बजे हिंदू हृदय सम्राट, परम आदरणीय श्री बालासाहेब ठाकरे हम लोगों को छोड़ के अनंत में विलीन हो गए। यह सत्य है कि आज महाराष्ट्र अनाथ हो गया। उन्होंने इतने सालों से जो महान कार्य और महाराष्ट्र की सेवा की है, और छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज का नाम महाराष्ट्र में जिंदा रखा, ऐसा किसी ने नहीं किया। बालासाहेब की पवित्र आत्मा को हम मंगेशकर कोटि-कोटि प्रणाम करते हैं और उनकी आत्मा को ईश्वर शांति दे, यही प्रार्थना है।
बाल ठाकरे नहीं रहे। शेर, गॉडफादर, मुंबई आइकन, कई के लिए हीरो, बाकी के लिए विलन। उनकी आत्मा को शांति मिले।
महाराष्ट्र के शेर बालासाहेब की आत्मा को शांति मिले।
बालासाहेब ठाकरे के परिवार को मेरी सहानुभूति। निश्चित तौर पर महाराष्ट्र की राजनीति पर उनका बड़ा असर था।
भारत के कानून से ऊपर रहने वाले वनमैन आर्मी बालासाहेब ठाकरे की आत्मा को शांति मिले। वह अपने आप में जनता, कानून, कोर्ट और जज थे।
-केआरके (कमाल राशिद खान)
विचारधारा और राजनीति से अलग बालासाहेब यूनीक थे और महाराष्ट्र की पॉलिटिक्स पर उनके असर को कोई नकार नहीं सकता।
बालासाहेब नहीं रहे। उनकी आत्मा को शांति मिले। शोकाकुल परिवार को हमारी हार्दिक संवेदनाएं।
नेता के तौर पर 45 साल... ऐसी चीज जिसे कोई इग्नोर नहीं कर सकता।
श्री बालासाहेब ठाकरे के निधन पर प्रधानमंत्री ने शोक जताया। विपक्षी नेताओं के साथ डिनर के प्रोग्राम को कैंसल कर दिया गया। उनके लिए महाराष्ट्र के हित खासतौर पर जरूरी थे। उन्होंने हमेशा अपने लोगों में गर्व की भावना भरने की कोशिश की।
-पीएमओ (प्राइम मिनिस्टर ऑफिस)
महाराष्ट्र का शेर अब कभी नहीं दहाड़ेगा। बाला साहेब ठाकरे की आत्मा को शांति मिले।
जिंदगी से भरपूर बालासाहेब ठाकरे साहस और वीरता के प्रतीक थे। उनके जाने की खबर सुनकर मुझे बहुत दुख हुआ। उनकी आत्मा को शांति मिले।
Bal Thackeray: The mascot of Marathi pride who aroused extreme emotions
शिवसेना सुप्रीमो बाला साहब ठाकरे का निधन फोटो
मुंबई। शिवसेना सुप्रीमो बाला साहब ठाकरे का आज मुंबई में निधन हो गया है। वे 86 वर्ष के थे और पिछले काफी समय से बीमार चल रहे थे। बाला साहब का इलाज कर रहे डॉक्टरों की मानें तो उन्होंने दोपहर 3 बजकर 30 मिनट पर आखिरी सांस ली। बाला साहब के निधन की खबर के बाद पूरी मुंबई थम गई है। उनके घर मातोश्री के बाहर हजारों शिवसैनिक जमा हैं।
देखें: नहीं रहे बाल ठाकरे, मातोश्री की लाइव तस्वीरें
पढ़ें: कार्टूनिस्ट बाल ठाकरे का बाला साहब बनने तक का सफऱ
महाराष्ट्र के गृह मंत्री आर आर पाटिल ने अपने दफ्तर में बैठक कर कानून-व्यवस्था का भी जायजा लिया। बाला साहब के निधन के बाद मुंबई शहर में तमाम दुकानें और बाजार भी बंद हो गए हैं। बाला साहेब के निधन पर शोक जताते हुए प्रधानमंत्री ने लोगों से शांति और सौहार्द बनाए रखने की अपील की है। वहीं बीजेपी ने पीएम के साथ डिनर रद्द कर दिया है। बीजेपी नेता शाहनवाज हुसैन का कहना है कि बाल ठाकरे की कमी कोई पूरी नहीं कर सकता।
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|Founder and chief of the Shiv Sena|
|Born||23 January 1926 |
Pune, Bombay Presidency
|Died||17 November 2012 (aged 86) |
|Political party||Shiv Sena|
|Children||Bindumadhav Thackeray|
Jaidev Thackeray
Balasaheb Keshav Thackeray (Marathi: बाळासाहेब ठाकरे, Hindi: बाळ ठाकरे, IPA: [ʈʰakəɾe]; 23 January 1926 – 17 November 2012) was an Indian politician, founder and chief of the Shiv Sena, a right-wing Hindu nationalist, and Marathi ethnocentric party active mainly in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. His followers called him the Hindu Hriday Samraat ("Emperor of Hindu Hearts").
Thackeray began his professional career as a cartoonist with the English language daily the The Free Press Journal in Mumbai, but left it in 1960 to form his own political weeklyMarmik. His political philosophy was largely shaped by his father Keshav Sitaram Thackeray, a leading figure in the Samyukta Maharashtra movement (United Maharashtra movement), which advocated the creation of a separate linguistic state of Maharashtra. Through Marmik, he campaigned against the growing influence of Gujaratis, Marwaris, and southern Indians in Mumbai. In 1966, Thackeray formed the Shiv Sena party to advocate more strongly the place of Maharashtrians in Mumbai's political and professional landscape. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Thackeray built the party by forming temporary alliances with nearly all of Maharashtra's political parties.
Thackeray was also the founder of the Marathi-language newspaper Saamana and the Hindi-language newspaper Dopahar ka saamana. He attracted numerous controversies.
Early and personal life
He was born to Keshav Sitaram Thackeray (also known as 'Prabodhankar' Thackeray because of his articles in his fortnightly magazine named Prabodhan or 'Enlightenment') Marathi family.) in a Marathi Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu family. Keshav Thackeray was a progressive social activist and writer who was against caste biases and played a key role in the Samyukta Maharashtra Chalwal(literally, United Maharashtra Movement) in the 1950s to form the Marathi-speaking state of Maharashtra with Mumbai as its capital.
In 2012, INC leader Digvijay Singh claimed that the Thackeray family originally hailed from Bihar, according to the writings of Thackeray's grandfather Prabodhankar. In response, Thackeray's son Uddhav stated that his grandfather was referring not to his family, but to his community.
Bal Thackeray started his career as a cartoonist in the Free Press Journal in Mumbai. His cartoons were also published in the Sunday edition of The Times of India. In 1960, he launched a cartoon weekly Marmik with his brother. He used it to campaign against the growing numbers and influence of non-Marathi people in Mumbai targeting Gujaratis and South Indian labor workers.
He formed the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966 with the intent of fighting for the rights of the natives of the state of Maharashtra (called Maharashtrians). The early objective of the Shiv Sena was to ensure job security for Maharashtrians competing against immigrants from southern India, Gujaratis and Marwaris. In 1989, the Sena's newspaper Saamna was launched.
Politically, the Sena was anti-communist and wrested control of trade unions in Mumbai from the Communist Party of India and demanded protection money(extortion) from mainly Gujarati and marwari business leaders. It later allied itself with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) over the common issue of Hindu Nationalism which both parties believed in. The BJP-Shiv Sena combine won the 1995Maharashtra State Assembly elections and came to power. During the tenure of the government from 1995 to 1999, Thackeray was nicknamed 'remote control' since he played a major role in government policies and decisions from behind the scenes. Bal Thackeray lost his wife Meena to a heart attack in September 1996, and his eldest son Bindumadhav ("Binda") to a road accident on 20 April 1996.
On July 28, 1999 Bal Thackeray was banned from voting and contesting in any election for six years from December 11, 1999 till December 10, 2005 on the recommendations of the Election Commission. After the six-year voting ban on Bal Thackeray was lifted in 2005, he voted for the first time in the 2006 BMC elections.
Thackeray claimed that the Shiv Sena has helped the Marathi manoos (Maharashtrian laymen) in Mumbai and also fought for the rights of Hindu people,Thackeray was a staunch Hindu and believed that Hindus must be organised to struggle against those who oppose their identity and religion. especially in the public sector. Opposition leftist parties allege that the Shiv Sena has done little to solve the problem of unemployment facing a large proportion of Maharashtrian youth during its tenure, in contradiction to its ideological foundation of 'sons of the soil.'
|This section requires expansion.(November 2012)|
In 2006, Thackeray's nephew Raj Thackeray separated from the Shiv Sena to form the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena. This was after Thackeray's son Uddhav was given the task of leading the party when Thackeray announced his retirement from active politics. Raj continues to maintain that Thackeray is his ideologue.
Issues and actions
On February 14, 2006, Thackeray condemned and apologised for the violent attacks by Shiv Sainiks upon a private Valentine's Day celebration in Mumbai. "It is said that women were beaten up in the Nallasopara incident. If that really happened, then it is a symbol of cowardice. I have always instructed Shiv Sainiks that in any situation women should not be humiliated and harassed." Thackeray and the Shiv Sena remained opposed to Valentine's Day celebrations, although they indicated support for an "Indian alternative."However, in some cases, the SS has been more tolerant during Valentine's Day celebrations.[dead link]
Thackeray has attracted controversy for his praise of Adolf Hitler. He was quoted by Asiaweek as saying: "I am a great admirer of Hitler, and I am not ashamed to say so! I do not say that I agree with all the methods he employed, but he was a wonderful organiser and orator, and I feel that he and I have several things in common...What India really needs is a dictator who will rule benevolently, but with an iron hand." However, Indian Express published an interview 29 January, 2007: "Hitler did very cruel and ugly things. But he was an artist, I love him [for that]. He had the power to carry the whole nation, the mob with him. You have to think what magic he had. He was a miracle...The killing of Jews was wrong. But the good part about Hitler was that he was an artist. He was a daredevil. He had good qualities and bad. I may also have good qualities and bad ones." He later told the Star Talk talk show on Star Plus that he did not admire Hitler.
Accusations of xenophobia
In 2002, Thackeray issued a call to form Hindu suicide bomber squads to in response to Islamist suicide bombers and other violence. In response, the Maharashtra government registered a case against him for inciting enmity between different groups. At least two organisations founded and managed by retired Indian Army officers, Lt Col (retired) Jayant Rao Chitale and Lt Gen. P.N. Hoon (former commander-in-chief of the Western Command), responded to the call with such statements as not allowing Pakistanis to work in India due to accusations against Pakistan for supporting attacks in Indian by militants.
Following the Mumbai riots, Thackeray took stances viewed as anti-Muslim. However, he also declared that he was "not against every Muslim, but only those who reside in this country but do not obey the laws of the land...I consider such people [to be] traitors." His party is viewed by the media as being anti-Muslim, though Shiv Sainiks officially reject this accusation. When explaining his views on Hindutva, he conflated Islam with violence and called on Hindus to "fight terrorism and fight Islam." In an interview with Suketu Mehta, he advocated the hanging of Indian Muslims who indulge in terrorism and mass expulsion of Bangladeshi Muslim migrants from India.
He told India Today that: "[Muslims] are spreading like a cancer and should be operated on like a cancer. The...country should be saved from the Muslims and the police should support them (Hindu Maha Sangh) in their struggle just like the police in Punjab were sympathetic to the Khalistanis.' However, in an interview in 1998, he said that his stance had changed on many issues that the Shiv Sena had with Muslims, particularly regarding the Babri Mosque or Ram Janmabhoomi issue: "We must look after the Muslims and treat them as part of us." He also expressed admiration for Muslims in Mumbai in the wake of the 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings perpetrated by Islamic fundamentalists. In response to threats made by Abu Azmi, a leader of the Samajwadi Party, that accusations of terrorism directed at Indian Muslims would bring about communal strife, Thackeray said that the unity of Mumbaikars (residents of Mumbai) in the wake of the attacks was "a slap to fanatics of Samajwadi Party leader Abu Asim Azmi" and that Thackeray "salute[s] those Muslims who participated in the two minutes' silence on July 18 to mourn the blast victims." Again in 2008, he wrote: "Islamic terrorism is growing and Hindu terrorism is the only way to counter it. We need suicide bomb squads to protect India and Hindus." He also reiterated a desire for Hindus to unite across linguistic barriers to see "a Hindustan for Hindus" and to "bring Islam in this country down to its knees."[dead link]
In 2008, following agitation againt Biharis and other north Indians travelling to Maharashtra to take civil service examinations for theIndian Railways due to an overlimit of the quota in their home provinces, Bal Thackeray also said of Bihari MPs that they were "spitting in the same plate from which they ate" when they criticised Mumbaikars and Maharashtrians. He wrote: "They are trying to add fuel to the fire that has been extinguished, by saying that Mumbaikars have rotten brains." He also criticised Chath Pooja an holiday celebrated by Biharis and those from eastern Uttar Pradesh which occurs six days after the Hindu New Year. He said that it was not a real holiday. This was reportedly a response to MPs from Bihar who had disrupted the proceedings of the Lok Sabha in protest against the attacks on North Indians. Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, upset with the remarks, called on the prime minister and the central government intervene in the matter. A Saamna editorial prompted at least 16 MPs from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, belonging to the Rashtriya Janata Dal, Janata Dal (United), Samajwadi Party and the Indian National Congress, to give notice for breach of privilegeproceedings against Thackeray. After the matter was raised in the Lok Sabha, Speaker Somnath Chatterjee said: "If anybody has made any comment on our members' functioning in the conduct of business in the House, not only do we treat that with the contempt that it deserves, but also any action that may be necessary will be taken according to procedure and well established norms. Nobody will be spared."
On March 27, 2008, in protest against Thackeray's editorial, leaders of Shiv Sena in Delhi resigned, citing its "outrageous conduct" towards non-Marathis in Maharashtra and announced that they would form a separate party. Addressing a press conference, Shiv Sena's North India chief Jai Bhagwan Goyal said the decision to leave the party was taken because of the "partial attitude" of the party high command towards Maharashtrians. "Shiv Sena is no different from Khalistan and Jammu and Kashmir militant groups which are trying to create a rift between people along regional lines. The main aim of these forces is to split our country. Like the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena, the Shiv Sena too has demeaned North Indians and treated them inhumanely."
Thackery is satirised in Salman Rushdie's 1995 novel The Moor's Last Sigh as 'Raman Fielding'. Suketu Mehta interviews Thackeray in his critically acclaimed, Pulitzer-nominated, non-fiction 2004 book Maximum City. The Sarkar (film) series is reportedly based on the Thackeray family.
Illness and death
Thackeray was admitted to Lilavati hospital's intensive care unit in Mumbai on 25 July 2012 after he complained of breathlessness.As per reports on 14 November, he stopped eating and was on continuous oxygen. Shiva Sainiks in the areas where the party draws support forced shops to close. These included: Vakola, Shivaji Nagar, Chembur, Navi Mumbai, Andheri, Parel, Dadar and Matunga, amongst others. In other parts of Mumbai, some shops voluntary closed, citing the risk of untoward incidents should Thackeray's health deteriorate and possibly be fatal.
Thackeray died on 17 November 2012 at "Matoshree", his Mumbai residence, following cardio-respiratory arrest, according to his physician.
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